I work primarily with UNIX and Linux machines and scp is my main choice to transfer files with. It is both convenient, short and secure.
scp localfile user@remotecomputer:/path/to/target/dir
Recently I was transferring an 8GB file and due to a network issue, the transfer was interrupted at nearly 40%.
I have learned over the years that there is often little that can be done to prevent such interruptions. Of course, this can be both frustrating and time-consuming, but there is a quick fix. Although such disruptions can’t be prevented, there is a fast and easy way to resume them. Resuming has relatively few system requirements, and can save a lot of time and hassle when transferring large files.
I found a solution at joen.dk ,which uses rsync to resume the transfer:
rsync --partial --progress --rsh=ssh local_file host:remote_file
NOTE: The syntax is ssh source_file target_file. So in the above example I am transferring a local file to a remote server. A few people did not pay close attention and switched the source and destination files and resulted in overwriting the original.
Now we can improve this slightly by shortening the above command. We can substitute –rsh=ssh with -e ssh, and use -P instead of –partial –progress. Also, you can add user@host if you need to specify a different remote shell user:
rsync -P -e ssh local_file user@host:remote_file
This above example will work with any file that was partially transferred. How the transfer was started does not really matter. It could be through scp, nc or even ftp. After you execute the above command it will take rsync a little time to verify the previously downloaded part before it continues with the rest. Be patient, depending on your network speed rsync could take some time to go through what you have already transferred. Of course this is much faster than if you were to start the download all over again and it shows you the progress in percentages.
Keep in mind that there have to be a couple of requirements in place in order to resume the file transfer with rsync:
1. You should have remote shell access.
2. The remote machine should have rsync installed. Since rsync is by default on most Linux distributions that generally should not be an issue.