Archive for November 3rd, 2009
Update: November 20th, 2009
I am not sure what I was thinking when I wrote this post, but if you want to easily control the programs that run on boot from a graphical interface go to: System -> Administration -> BootUP-Manager. If you do not have BootUP-Manager do “sudo apt-get install bum”.
If you want to know how to do this from command line, read below.
After I installed vmware server 2.0.2 on my Ubuntu 9.10 machine I realized that it would start every time the computer boots up. This makes total sense to be the default behavior, since you would like your guests to be automatically up and running again after a reboot. But in my case I only used a guest OS every once and a while so I do not want to have all the vmware server processes running on the background for no reason. And since vmware uses a browser based management console it also starts apache and java. That is too much stuff running in vain if you are not going to be using vmware.
My first notion was to check System -> Preferences -> Startup Applications but to my surprise it did not contain the vmware server application.
Since I knew that vmware server can be started or stopped with the /etc/init.d/vmware script, I was fairly sure that the installation had put some links in the rc.d directories to that file.
That meant using the update-rc.d command line utility. It manages all the links in the /etc/rc?.d directories where the “?” is the run level. So you can configure any application that has a script in the /etc/init.d directory to start (or not to start) on boot. You can also easily create your own init.d script by just copying and modifying an existent one.
So, first I checked if vmware has set up any links in the rc.d directories:
ls -l /etc/rc?.d/*vmware lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 16 2009-11-03 21:44 /etc/rc0.d/K20vmware -> ../init.d/vmware lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 16 2009-11-03 21:44 /etc/rc1.d/K20vmware -> ../init.d/vmware lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 16 2009-11-03 21:44 /etc/rc2.d/S20vmware -> ../init.d/vmware lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 16 2009-11-03 21:44 /etc/rc3.d/S20vmware -> ../init.d/vmware lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 16 2009-11-03 21:44 /etc/rc4.d/S20vmware -> ../init.d/vmware lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 16 2009-11-03 21:44 /etc/rc5.d/S20vmware -> ../init.d/vmware lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 16 2009-11-03 21:44 /etc/rc6.d/K20vmware -> ../init.d/vmware
If you notice some of the link names start with “K” and some with “S”. “K” means “kill” and “S” means “start”.
To prevent vmware from starting at boot run the following command:
sudo update-rc.d -f vmware remove
This will remove all the links to the /etc/init.d/vmware script. The “f” option here is necessary because it forces update-rc.d to remove the links even though the /etc/init.d/vmware still exists. If you do not specify the “f” option you will have to delete this init.d script first.
If you want to restore the vmware application to run at boot again:
sudo update-rc.d vmware defaults
Debuntu.org has a more detailed explanation of update-rc.d.
- How to get Picasa images using the Image Picker on Android devices running any OS version on
- How to detect a user pan/touch/drag on Android Map v2 on
- Quickly remove special characters from file names on
- Software Center in Ubuntu 12.04 crashes on startup on
- Clone Disk Drives with Ubuntu. Make an Exact Copy of Your Hard Drive. on
- December 2014 (1)
- November 2014 (2)
- July 2014 (1)
- February 2014 (1)
- April 2013 (1)
- November 2012 (2)
- August 2012 (1)
- May 2012 (1)
- March 2012 (1)
- November 2011 (1)
- August 2011 (1)
- April 2011 (1)
- January 2011 (2)
- September 2010 (1)
- August 2010 (2)
- July 2010 (2)
- June 2010 (2)
- May 2010 (1)
- January 2010 (2)
- December 2009 (2)
- November 2009 (3)
- October 2009 (1)
- September 2009 (3)
- July 2009 (1)
- May 2009 (1)
- March 2009 (1)
- February 2009 (2)
- January 2009 (2)
- December 2008 (1)
- November 2008 (4)
- October 2008 (5)